the impact of occlusal trauma on peridontium: a question & its answer
On reviewing the literature, dental professionals have debated whether or not trauma from occlusion is associated with periodontal disease. Both Occlusal Trauma (OT) and periodontitis result in injury to the attachment apparatus because the periodontium is unable to cope with pathological insults. The effects of excessive occlusal force and the destructive, adaptive and reparative responses of the periodontium has been complicated by a relative lack of evidence based on well controlled prospective studies in human beings. Today, the treatment of OT becomes a clear goal of periodontal therapy to maintain the periodontium in comfort and function. Moreover, the combined orthodontic regenerative therapy can greatly enhance the periodontal conditions. In this regard, the current trial discussed the effectiveness of 940-nm low-level diode laser with the combined orthodontic/regenerative therapy in periodontally affected subjects suffering from malocclusion. Within the limits of this study, significant improvements in clinical and radiographic parameters were recorded by the adjunctive use of low level diode laser with orthodontic/regenerative therapy compared with the sole application of the orthodontic/regenerative approach.